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The specimens below are for 2021 WAEC.



Question 1

(i) Two-meter rule

(ii) Two retort stands and clamps;

(iii) Thread (about 250 cm long)

(iv) Stopwatch/clock

(v) A weighing balance

(vi) Split corks

(vii) A set of mass ( two 10g, two 20g, and two 50g)


Question 2

(i) Ray box with illuminated object (cross-wire)

(ii) Convex lens (f=15cm)

(iii) Screen

(iv) Metre rule

(v) Lens holder


Question 3

(i) Accumulator or two dry cell (12×1.5v)

(ii) Ammeter (0 – 1A)

(iii) Crocodile clip

(iv) A 2 Ohms resistor

(v) Key

(vi) Constant wire (about 1m long)

(vii) Connecting wires



A: Shears

B: Secateurs

C: Spade

D: Cutlass

E: Urea fertilizer (labeled)

F: Wood ash (labeled)

G: Poultry manure (labeled)

H: Centrosema

I: Elephant grass

J: Tropical kudzu

K: Guinea grass

L: Chicken egg

M: Raw milk (labeled)

N: Water (labeled)

O: Poultry feathers



(2) In addition to fitting and reagents normally contained in a chemistry laboratory, the following apparatus and materials will be required from each candidate:

(a) One burette of 50cm³ capacity

(b) One pipette either 20cm³ or 25cm³

All candidates at one center must use a pipette of the same volume. These should be clean and free from grease.

(c) The usual apparatus for titration.

(d) The usual apparatus for reagent for qualitative work including the following with all reagents appropriately labeled.

(i) Dilute sodium hydroxide solution

(ii) Dilute hydrochloric acid

(iii) Dilute trioxonitrate(V) acid

(iv) Barium chloride solution

(v) Acidified potassium dichromate solution

(vi) Aqueous ammonia

(vii) Lime water

(viii) Red and blue litmus papers

(ix) Dilute tetraoxosulphate (VI) acid.

(e) Spatula

(f) Filtration apparatus

(g) One Beaker

(h) One boiling tube

(i) Four test tubes

(j) Methyl orange as indicator

(k) Glass rod

(l) Wash bottle containing distilled/ diagnosed water

(m) Burning splint

(n) Watch glass

(o) Bunsen burner/ source heat

(p) Droppers

(q) Mathematical table/Calculator


(3) Each candidate should be supplied the following where n is the candidate’s serial number.

(a) 150cm³ of a solution HCL, in a corked flask or bottle labeled ‘An’. These should be all the same containing 9.0cm³ of concentrated HCL (about 36%) per dm³ of solution.


(b) 150cm³ of NaOH solution in a corked flask or bottle labeled ‘Bn’. These should all be the same containing 4.8g of NaOH per dm³ of solution.


(c) One spatulaful of a uniform mixture of CuSO4 and (NH4)2CO3 in a specimen bottle and corked immediately and labeled ‘Cn’. The components of the mixture should be in ratio 1:1 by mass.


(4) In all cases, more material may be issued if required.


(5) The actual concentration of ‘An’ and ‘Bn’ must be stated in the Supervisor Report Form. The candidate will assume that the concentrations are exactly as stated in the question paper.


(6) It should be noted that schools are not allowed to amend the information provided on the question paper or substitute any substance/solution for those specified in these instructions.



(a) Each candidate should be provided with the following groups of specimens


Group I (For all candidates)

Specimen A – Cervical vertebra of a mammal

Specimen B – Thoracic vertebra of a mammal

Specimen C – Lumbar vertebra of a mammal


For specimens D, E, F, and G, you are requested to get four 250 ml beakers and label them D, E, F, and G.


– Put dry garden soil into each beaker, up to 100 ml level.


– Add 10 ml of water to the soil in each of beakers D, E, and F


– Oven dry the garden soil in beaker G and leave dry throughout the period of the experiment.


– For specimen D, put five viable bean seeds into the soil in the beaker labeled D.


– For specimen E, soak five viable bean seeds in water for 2-3 hours, then remove the testa of the soaked bean seeds. Split open the cotyledons and remove the embryo of each bean seed. Place the split cotyledons into the soil in the beaker labeled E.


– For specimen F, place five viable bean seeds into the soil in the beaker labeled F and add some quantity of kerosene enough to cover the surface of the soil in the beaker.


– For specimen G, add five dry and viable bean seeds into the soil in the beaker labeled G.


– Place all the beakers in a place with adequate sunlight for seven days.


– Moisten the soils in each of the beakers labeled D and E with 5 ml of water daily for seven days before the date of the examination.


Group II (For candidates in Ghana only)

Specimen H – Cactus plant (freshly obtained)

Specimen J – Onion plant (with leaves)

Specimen K – Green grass (freshly obtained)


Group III (For candidates in Nigeria, Sierra Leone, The Gambia, and Liberia only)

Specimen L – Adult mosquito (freshly obtained)

Specimen M – Butterfly (freshly obtained)

Specimen N – Sugar ant (freshly obtained)



(i) All specimens can be provided as group specimens for five (5) to ten (10) candidates

(ii) All specimens in each group must carry individual labels (e.g. A, B, C, D, E, F, and G in Group I).


(b) It is essential that each candidate should be provided with the following materials:

(i) glass jar cover or Petri dish;

(ii) four white tiles labelled D, E, F and G;

(iii) spatula (four);

(iv) a hand lens/magnifying lens;

(v) scalpel/razor blade/knife;

(vi) a pair of forceps.


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