WAEC Geography Questions and Answers 2024

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2024 WAEC PRACTICAL GEOGRAPHY ANSWERS

3(a):

1. Spring – this season occurs between winter and summer, usually from March through May in the Northern Hemisphere and September through November in the Southern Hemisphere.

2. Summer – this season follows spring and is usually characterized by warm/hot weather. It occurs between June and August in the Northern Hemisphere and December through February in the Southern Hemisphere.

3. Autumn/Fall – this season occurs between summer and winter, usually from September through November in the Northern Hemisphere and March through May in the Southern Hemisphere.

4. Winter – this season follows autumn/fall and is usually characterized by cold weather. It occurs between December and February in the Northern Hemisphere and June through August in the Southern Hemisphere.

 

3(b):

1. Standard time is determined by the time zones of the country or region, while local time is unique to a specific geographical location.

2. There is a fixed number of standard time zones around the world, whereas local time can vary by minutes or even seconds depending on one’s distance from the reference point of the time zone.

 

 

4ai.

i. Surface features of a limestone region:

1. Sinkholes – They are circular depressions formed due to water erosion over a long time.

2. Karst Pinnacles – These are towers or pillars of limestone formed by underground water erosion.

3. Cliffs – Limestone cliffs are steep rock faces that are often formed due to the gradual erosion of rock over long periods of time.

 

4aii.:

1. Caverns – These are large underground caves that are formed over thousands of years due to the dissolving action of water on limestone.

2. Stalactites and Stalagmites – These are formations of calcium carbonate that hang down from the roofs of caverns or rise up from the floors of caverns.

3. Sinkholes – These can also form underground, and can lead to the collapse of the ground above them.

4. Underground rivers – Limestone regions often have extensive networks of underground rivers and streams that flow through caverns and other underground features.

 

(4b):

1. Limestone is an important building material, used in construction for its durability and resistance to erosion.

2. It is also used in making cement and as a flux in the iron and steel industry.

3. Limestone aquifers provide a reliable source of groundwater for drinking, irrigation, and other uses.

4. The unique topography of limestone regions can also provide valuable habitats for a wide range of plant and animal species.

 

5a):

1. Traction – Large stones and boulders are rolled along the river bed by the force of the water.

2. Saltation – Smaller stones and pebbles are bounced along the river bed by the force of the water.

3. Suspension – Fine particles, such as silt and clay, are carried along in the flowing water.

4. Solution – Dissolved particles, such as minerals and salts, are carried along in the water.

 

5b)

1. Increasing width and depth.

2. The river begins to meander, forming large bends and twists in the course.

3. The gradient is less steep, resulting in slower moving water.

4. The river carries a mixture of both larger and smaller sediment, leading to increased deposition.

 

6a) Climate refers to the long-term pattern of atmospheric conditions in a particular region, including temperature, precipitation, humidity, wind, and other factors.

 

6b):

1. Latitude

2. Altitude

3. Distance from the sea

4. Ocean currents

5. Topography

 

6c)

1. High temperatures, with little seasonal variation.

2. High humidity and rainfall, with no dry season.

3. Dense vegetation, including rainforests.

4. High species diversity, with many unique plant and animal species.

 

7a) Weathering is the process by which rocks and other materials on the Earth’s surface are broken down into smaller pieces, through exposure to various physical and chemical processes.

 

7b) 

i. Frost action: Also known as freeze-thaw weathering, it occurs in cold environments when water freezes in rock cracks and expands, forcing the rock to break apart. This process is repeated over time and can cause cracks to widen and rocks to split apart.

ii. Exfoliation: This process occurs when the outer layers of a rock peel away due to a reduction in pressure, typically as a result of erosion or other geological processes. As the outer layers are stripped away, the underlying rock is gradually exposed, leading to a characteristic domed shape.

 

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Geography-Obj

GEOGRAPHY OBJ

01-10: DBCDACAACB
11-20: ADCABADACC
21-30: CBCBAADDDD
31-40: DACDADADDB
41-50: DABCBDDBCC

….

Completed!!!!

 

No 1)

Pick only 5 problems below for no 1

 

(1a)

(i) Shortage Of Raw Materials: Lack of sufficient raw materials available to industries hinders large scale production.

(ii) Political Instability: Frequent changes in governments and incessant civil wars in african countries discourage foreign investors.

(iii) Inadequate skilled man-power: Skilled man-power required for high industrial growth is grossly inadequate in developing countries.

(iv) Poor Management: Corruption, embezzlement and negligence of duty are very common in developed countries and these are indicators of poor management.

(v) Competition from foreign goods: Because of the high quality of foreign goods other industries usually not be patronised.

 

(1b)

(i) Acquisition of Skills: Skills should be acquired by people through regular training.

(ii) Good government policies: There should be good government policies to protect the industries.

(iii) Establishment of more power plants: Power plants such as thermal electricity plants should be established to boost power supply to industries.

(iv) Increase in wages/salaries of workers: There should be increase in wages/salaries of workers in industries to boost their morales and increase productivity.

(v) Creation of Industrial Zones: These will also provide conducive environment with all the infrastructure facilities for industrialization.

 

 

No 2)

(2a)

(i) Agricultural economy: Rural settlements in tropical Africa are predominantly agrarian, with agriculture being the primary economic activity. People rely on subsistence farming, livestock rearing, and small-scale agricultural production for their livelihoods.

(ii) Traditional housing: Rural settlements often have traditional housing structures made of locally available materials such as mud, thatch, or wood. These structures are designed to suit the local climate and cultural preferences.

(iii) Limited infrastructure: Rural settlements in tropical Africa often lack adequate infrastructure compared to urban areas. Basic amenities like electricity, clean water supply, healthcare facilities, and transportation networks may be limited or lacking altogether.

(iv) Close-knit communities: Rural settlements typically have close-knit communities with strong social ties and communal values. People often live in extended family units and engage in collective activities such as farming, celebrations, and community decision-making.

(v) Limited access to services: Due to their remote locations, rural settlements may have limited access to essential services such as education, healthcare, and government institutions. Access to quality education and healthcare facilities may be inadequate, resulting in challenges for rural residents.

 

(2b)

(i) Market access: Rural settlements rely on urban settlements as market centers for selling their agricultural produce and acquiring necessary goods and services that are not available locally. Urban centers act as economic hubs where rural farmers can sell their surplus produce and purchase items they cannot produce themselves.

(ii) Supply of goods and services: Rural settlements depend on urban settlements for the supply of goods and services that are not available in rural areas. This includes items like machinery, fertilizers, construction materials, healthcare services, and educational resources.

(iii) Employment opportunities: Many rural inhabitants depend on urban settlements for employment opportunities. People may migrate from rural areas to urban areas in search of better job prospects and higher wages, particularly in non-agricultural sectors such as manufacturing, construction, and services.

(iv) Transportation and connectivity: Rural settlements often rely on urban centers for transportation and connectivity. Urban areas typically have better road networks, public transportation systems, and access to telecommunications infrastructure. Rural residents may travel to urban areas for education, healthcare, and to connect with wider social networks.

(v) Government services and administration: Rural settlements often depend on urban settlements for government services and administration. Government offices, educational institutions, healthcare facilities, and other essential services are usually concentrated in urban areas. Rural residents may need to travel to urban centers to access these services or engage with government institutions.

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SECTION B

(4a)
Internal Trade also known is the buying and selling of goods and services within the confines of the international boundaries of a nation.

(Or) pick this other definition below

Internal Trade also know as Domestic trade is the type of trade which involves the buying and selling or exchange of goods and services within the country.

(4b)
(CHOOSE ANY BEST 5)
(i) Low technology generally does not improve internal trade.
(ii) Inter communal strife or political instability do slow down internal trade.
(iii) Similarity of products for limit internal trade in nigeria.
(iv) Smuggling of products to neighboring countries thereby, causing artificial scarcity limit internal trade.
(v) High Rate of rural-urban migrations.
(vi) High level of pests and diseases attack on crops, leading to low harvest.
(vii) Unfavorable climate which can lead to low yield and harvest.

 

(4c)
(CHOOSE ANY BEST 4)
(i) Fosters regional Cooperation: Internal trade fosters regional cooperation.
(ii) Provision of Job Opportunity: It also provides employment to many people involved in trade.
(iii) Growth of Ancillary Services: Internal trade emails the growth of ancillary services like agro-allied industry and banking.
(iv) Provision of raw materials: Internal trade provides raw materials for industries e.g. tomato juice/paste.
(v) Source of Income: Internal trade provides income to individuals and the nation.
(vi) Diffusion of Ideas: Internal trade also promotes the diffusion of ideas when people from different regions come together.

 

another number 4 below

(4a)

Internal trade refers to the buying and selling of goods and services within the geographical boundaries of a country. It involves the exchange of goods and services between different regions, states or cities within the country.

 

(4b)

[PICK ANY FIVE]

(i) Poor infrastructure: Nigeria’s poor road network, insufficient transport systems, and inadequate storage facilities make it difficult to move goods from one location to another, resulting in delays, high transportation costs, and damage to goods.

(ii) Regulatory challenges: The lack of a transparent and consistent regulatory framework for internal trade in Nigeria has led to a proliferation of informal markets and smuggling. This results in unfair competition for formal businesses, loss of government revenue, and reduced consumer protection.

(iii) Multiple taxation: The multiplicity of taxes imposed on traders, including local government levies, state taxes, and federal duties, makes trading in Nigeria very expensive, reducing profitability for traders.

(iv) Inadequate access to credit: Many traders in Nigeria do not have access to affordable credit, making it difficult for them to expand their businesses, meet their financial obligations, and access new markets.

(v) Corruption: Bribery and extortion of traders by government officials, security forces, and market leaders have been a persistent problem in Nigeria, discouraging many from engaging in formal internal trade.

(vi) Insecurity: Insurgency, banditry, and other forms of violence in different parts of Nigeria have adversely affected internal trade, discouraging traders from entering certain regions, causing loss of life and property, and disrupting supply chains.

 

(4c)

(i) Economic growth: Internal trade drives economic growth by promoting the exchange of goods and services between regions, stimulating competition, encouraging innovation, and creating jobs.

(ii) Poverty reduction: Internal trade provides income and employment opportunities for many Nigerians, particularly those in the informal sector, helping to reduce poverty in the country.

(iii) Regional integration: Internal trade promotes regional integration by encouraging the exchange of goods and services between different regions, enhancing economic cooperation and social cohesion.

(iv) Enhanced food security: Internal trade promotes access to food in different regions, ensuring that people have enough food to eat, no matter where they live. This is particularly important in times of food shortages or when certain foods are unavailable in a particular region.

 

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(5b):

1. High annual rainfall: Rainfall in tropical rainforests can exceed 250cm annually.

2. Dense vegetation: The forest floor in a tropical rainforest is usually covered with a thick layer of vegetation, which makes movement difficult.

3. High biodiversity: Tropical rainforests are home to a wide range of plant and animal species.

4. Warm and humid climate: Temperature and humidity levels are relatively high in tropical rainforests, with average temperatures of 25°C.

 

(5c)

1. Timber production: Rainforests are valuable sources of hardwood timber, which is used for construction, furniture making, and other purposes.

2. Medicinal plants: Many plants in tropical rainforests have medicinal properties and are used to treat various ailments.

3. Ecotourism: Rainforests attract tourists from all over the world, who come to see the unique plants and animals found in this habitat.

4. Petroleum: Many of Nigeria’s oil reserves are found in rainforest areas.

5. Carbon sequestration: The trees in rainforests absorb carbon dioxide, helping to combat global climate change.

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(6a)

Coming Soon….

 

(6b) 

(CHOOSE ANY THREE)

(i) Cultural and Recreational Significance: Rivers hold cultural and recreational value in Nigeria. They are often considered sacred or significant in local traditions and folklore. Additionally, rivers provide opportunities for recreational activities such as fishing, boating, and water sports, attracting tourists and promoting local economies.

(ii) Transportation and Trade: Rivers serve as important transportation routes for both goods and people. Nigerian rivers facilitate inland navigation, connecting various regions and enabling the movement of goods, such as agricultural produce, minerals, and manufactured products. The Niger River, for instance, has been a vital trade route for centuries

(iii) Irrigation and Agriculture: Nigerian rivers play a crucial role in supporting agricultural activities. They provide water for irrigation, allowing farmers to cultivate crops even during dry seasons. River systems like the Sokoto-Rima and the Hadejia-Jama’are have been instrumental in supporting agricultural practices in northern Nigeria.

(iv) Hydroelectric Potential: Rivers in Nigeria offer substantial hydroelectric potential. Many rivers, such as the Niger and the Benue, have been harnessed to generate electricity through hydropower plants. These rivers contribute to Nigeria’s power generation capacity and support economic development.

(v) Diversity of Flora and Fauna: Nigerian rivers are home to a rich and diverse range of plant and animal species. The rivers support various ecosystems, including mangroves, wetlands, and freshwater habitats, providing habitats for numerous species of fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds, and mammals.

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(6c)

(CHOOSE ANY FOUR)

(i) Fishing and Aquaculture: Rivers in Nigeria support vibrant fishing and aquaculture industries. They provide habitats for a diverse range of fish species, contributing to the country’s fish production

(ii) Agriculture and Irrigation: Rivers are crucial for agriculture, providing water for irrigation. Nigerian farmers rely on rivers to irrigate their fields, enabling the cultivation of crops even during dry seasons

(iii) Transportation: Rivers serve as natural transportation routes, facilitating the movement of goods and people. In Nigeria, rivers like the Niger, the Benue, and the Cross River are utilized for inland navigation, allowing for the transport of goods, including agricultural produce, minerals, and manufactured products

(iv) Hydropower Generation: Nigerian rivers have great potential for hydropower generation. Hydroelectric power plants harness the energy of flowing water to generate electricity. Rivers such as the Niger, the Benue, and the Ogun have been tapped for hydropower, contributing to Nigeria’s electricity generation capacity and reducing reliance on fossil fuels.

(v) Water Supply: Rivers are a significant source of freshwater for domestic, agricultural, and industrial purposes. They provide a reliable water supply for drinking, irrigation, livestock watering, and various industrial processes. River water is essential for sustaining livelihoods, supporting economic activities, and ensuring the well-being of communities.

(vi) Tourism and Recreation: Rivers have significant tourism and recreational value in Nigeria. Scenic river landscapes, waterfalls, and riverine ecosystems attract tourists and nature enthusiasts. Rivers provide opportunities for activities like boating, canoeing, fishing, and wildlife watching.

 

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TODAY’S WAEC GEOGRAPHY WILL BE POSTED HERE

OBJ ANSWERS Expo

 

LIST OF TOPICS TO FOCUS ON IN 2024 WAEC GEOGRAPHY

  1. HILLS AND MOUNTAINS TOPOGRAPHY.
  2. ROCKS.
  3. WEATHER AND CLIMATE.
  4. WEATHERING AND MASS MOVEMENT.
  5. TRANSPORTATION.
  6. RIVERS AND FEATURES CAUSED BY WATER EROSION.
  7. HIGH-LAND AND LOW-LAND.
  8. WIND AND FEATURES CAUSED BY WIND EROSION.
  9. HOW TO CALCULATE LOCAL TIME/DISTANCE USING LONGITUDE AND LATITUDE.
  10. RAINFALL AND TYPES OF RAINFALL.
  11. EVIDENCE THE EARTH IS SPHERICAL.
  12. MAP READING.
  13. SETTLEMENT AND TYPES OF SETTLEMENT.
  14. TOURISM

 

THESE 14 TOPICS CAN EARN YOU A MINIMUM OF B3 ONCE YOU CAN READ THEM BACK TO BACK!

If you feel any topic is also important kindly comment it below. Thank you! I will be expecting your feedback via the comment section.

 

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